Before you do the reading ask yourself the following question:
How do you think that school curricula are developed?
After doing the reading Reflect upon:
How are school curricula developed and implemented? What new information/perspectives does this reading provide about the development and implementation of school curriculum? Is there anything that surprises you or maybe that concerns you?
Before: In my opinion School curricula is developed through the Stakeholders of Education. In order of who has the most voice in the change of school curriculum, it goes Government, Ministry of Education, School boards, News, Parents, Professors, Teachers, and Students.
After: “Policies govern just about every aspect of education—what schooling is provided, how, to whom, in what form, by whom, with what resources, and so on. The application of these terms to curriculum is evident.” The curriculum is a heavily political paradigm, with most of its power proceeding to the government.
The development and implementation of the school curriculum can be expressed as, “involving two kinds of discussions. The first concerns the overall shape of school curricula: what subjects will be included (or excluded), how much of each, and at what stage of students’ education. The second kind of debate is over the content
of particular subjects. People will disagree over what should be included in each subject and what should be included at various age levels for students.” Sadly this strengthens my thoughts about who has a say in the educational system. The government on the top and students at the bottom.
F. Connelly, M. He & J. Phillion (Eds.), The SAGE handbook of curriculum and instruction (pp. 7 – 24). Los Angeles, CA: Sage.Available online from: http://www.corwin.com/upm-data/16905_Chapter_1.pdf.